Areas

Definition of the Areas of the OPENCities Monitor:

Migration:

Refers to the presence of an international populations in the city as well as the public attitude towards ethnic diversity.

Freedom:

Assesses the current state of political rights and civil liberties (e.g. no corruption, no censorship, no racism, encouragement of foreign investment etc.)

Barriers of entry:

Measures ease of entry, integration and the legal environment for migrants and foreign investors in the host country as well as government policy towards immigration.

International events:

Measures the number & type of international events (fairs and conferences) in the city.

International presence:

Assesses the current level of internationalisation (international companies, foreign direct investment, embassies, international organisations) and the city's level of integration within the world city network.

Education:

Refers to the choice of good quality education opportunities in the city, the level of attraction for a highly qualified international population.

International flows:

Refers to short-term visitors from abroad (tourists and international passengers).

Infrastructure:

Refers to both the accessibility and connectivity of the city with other parts of the world.

Quality of life:

Assesses medical services, crime rates and employment possibilities. The quality of life of the international population in the city also depends on public attitudes towards people from another cultural/religious background.

Standard of living:

Refers to the economic well-being of the population in the city. It is measured by GDP per capita, GDP growth, cost of living, housing and tax rates.

Diversity actions:

Measures the portfolio of proactive programmes of city governments to increase the attractiveness and openness of the city for international populations. For example: by providing information and support in different languages to international populations, by establishing a migration specific department with staff with an intercultural competence, to provide start-coaching programmes, interpreter services etc…


The OPENCities Monitor is conducted by BAKBASEL. BAK Basel Economics AG (BAKBASEL) is an independent Swiss research institute.